Parks Faculty

Craig D. Adams, Ph.D., P.E., F.ASCE, Oliver L. Parks Endowed Chair & Professor

Craig D. Adams, Ph.D., P.E., F.ASCE, Oliver L. Parks Endowed Chair & Professor

Oliver L. Parks Endowed Chair & Professor

Phone:
314-977-8249
Education:

Ph.D. Environmental Health Engineering
University of Kansas

M.S. Environmental Health Engineering
University of Kansas

B.S. Chemical Engineering
University of Kansas

Craig Adams, Ph.D., P.E., F.ASCE joined Saint Louis University as the Oliver L. Parks Chair and Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering in the Fall of 2016. Dr. Adams teaches and conducts research in the environmental engineering area of the civil engineering program.  Adams’ research focuses on fundamental and applied aspects of the control of emerging contaminants in drinking water nationally and in developing nations (including pharmaceuticals and personal care products, cyanotoxins, disinfection byproducts, nanoparticles and arsenic). He teaching courses in drinking water quality and treatment, environmental engineering in developing nations, and other aspects of the field. Dr. Adams is a registered professional engineer, a Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers and a board certified environmental engineer.

Metrics on this work include an H-Index of 37 (37 publications with > 37 citations), 67 publications with >10 citations, and five publications with >200 citations. The body of work has focused on: emerging contaminants (>50 papers, including pharmaceuticals, disinfection byproducts, degradates, and nanoparticles); development and/or application of new methods specifically (ca. 25 papers); and kinetic and other chemical modeling of environmental reactions (>20 papers). This work has been funded by various entities including EPA, WRF, AWWA, NSF, DOD, DHS, USGS, state agencies, water utilities, and industry.

Refereed Journal Publications

  • Stanford, B., Adams, C., Rosenfeldt, E., Arevalo, E., Reinert, A. (2016) “CyanoTOX: Tools for Managing Cyanotoxins in Drinking Water Treatment with Chemical Oxidants,” Journal American Water Works Association. (in press)
  • Mu, R., Shi, H., Adams, C., Eichholz, T., Ma, Y. (2016) “Detection, Occurrence, and Removal of Selected Pharmaceuticals in Missouri Drinking Water,” Urban Water Journal. (in press, and published on line)
  • Donovan, A., Adams, C., Ma, Y., Stephen, C., Eichholz, T., Shi, H. (2016) “Single Particle ICP-MS Characterization of Titanium Dioxide, Silver, and Gold Nanoparticles during Drinking Water Treatment,” Chemosphere, 144, 148-153.
  • Donovan, A., Adams, C., Ma, Y., Stephan, C., Eichholz, T., Shi, H. (2016) “Detection of Zinc Oxide and Cerium Dioxide Nanoparticles during Drinking Water Treatment by Rapid Single Particle ICP-MS Methods,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 408, 5137-5145.
  • Qiang, Z., Zhang, H., Dong, H., Adams, C., Luan, G., Wang, L. (2015) “Formation of Disinfection Byproducts in a Recirculating Mariculture System: Emerging Concerns,” Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts, 17, 471-477.
  • Wu, Q., Shi, H., Ma, Y., Adams, C., Jiang, H., Wang, J., Eichholz, T., Timmons, T. (2015) “Removal of Secondary and Tertiary Amines as N-nitrosamine Precursors in Drinking Water System by Adsorption Methods,” Separation and Purification Technology, 156, 972-979.
  • Roberson, A., Adams, C., Bench, Rosen, J. (2015) “Development of Recommendations for the Fourth Contaminant Candidate List,” Journal of the American Water Works Association, 107, E509-E522.
  • Lane, R., Adams, C., Randtke, S., Carter, R. (2015) “Chlorination and Chloramination of Bisphenol A, Bisphenol F, and Bisphenol A Diglycidyl Ether in Drinking Water,” Water Research, 79, 68-78.
  • Lane, R., Adams, C., Randtke, S., Carter, R. (2015) “Bisphenol Diglycidyl Ethers and Bisphenol A and their Hydrolysis in Drinking Water,” Water Research, 72, 331-339.
  • Zhang, H., Dong, H., Adams, C., Qiang, Z. (2015) “Formation and Speciation Byproducts During Chlor(am)ination of Aquarium Seawater,” J. Environmental Sciences, 33, 116-124.
  • West, D., Mu, R., Gamagedara, S., Ma, Y., Adams, C., Eichholz, T., Burken, J., Shi, H. (2015) “Simultaneous Detection of Perchlorate and Bromate Using Rapid High Performance Ion Exchange Chromatography – Tandem Mass Spectrometry and Perchlorate Removal in Drinking Water,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22, 8594-8602.
  • Wu, Q., Shi, H., Adams, C., Eichholz, T., Timmons, T., Jiang, H., Ma, Y. (2014) “Determination of Secondary and Tertiary Amines as N-nitrosamine Precursors in Drinking Water System using Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry,” Talanta. 131, 736-741.
  • Rosen, J., Whelton, A., McGuire, M., Clancy, J., Bartrand, T., Eaton, A., Patterson, J., Dourson, M., Nance P., Adams, C. (2014) “The Charleston, West Virginia Crude 4-MCHM Chemical Spill,” J. American Water Works Association, 106(9), 65-74.
  • Robbins, E., Guo, J., Adams, C. (2014) “Removal of As(III) and As(V) in Surface Modified Ceramic Filters,” J. Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for Development (IWA), 4(2), 214-222.
  • Qiang, Z., Jiang, Y., Ben, W., Adams, C., Dong, H. (2013) “Monitoring Free Chlorine and Free Bromine in Aquarium Seawater Treated by Ozone,” Analytical Methods, 4, 3646.
  • Wang, C., Shi, H., Adams, C., Timmons, T., Ma, Y. (2013) “Investigation of Removal of N-nitrosamines and Their Precursors in Water Treatment using Activated Carbon Nanoparticles,” Int. J. Environmental Technology and Management, 16(1/2), 34-48.
  • Shi, H., Qiang, Z., Adams, C. (2013) “Formation of Haloacetic Acids, Halonitromethanes, Bromate and Iodate during Chlorination and Ozonation of Seawater and Saltwater of Marine Aquaria Systems,” Chemosphere, 90, 2485-2492.
  • Wu, Q., Shi, H., Adams, C., Timmons, T., Ma, Y. (2012) “Oxidative Removal of Selected Endocrine-disruptors and Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water Treatment Systems, and Identification of Degradation Products of Triclosan,” Science for the Total Environment, 439, 18-25.
  • Chamberlain, E., Shi, H., Wang, T., Ma, Y., Fulmer, A., Adams, C. (2012) “Comprehensive Screening Study of Pesticide Degradation During Drinking Water Disinfection”, Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 60, 354-363.
  • Shi, H., Ding, J., Timmons, T., Adams, C. (2012) “pH Effects on the Adsorption of Saxitoxin by Powdered Activated Carbon,” Harmful Algae, 19, 61-67.
  • Shi, H., Adams, C. (2012) “Occurrence and Formation of Trihalomethanes in Marine Aquaria Studied using Solid Phase Microextraction Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry,” Water Environment Research, 84, 202-208.
  • Wang, C., Shi, H., Adams, C., Timmons, T., Ma, Y. (2012) “Investigation of Removal of N-nitrosamines and their Precursors in Water Treatments using Activated Carbon Nanoparticles and Liquid Chromatography–Tandem Mass Spectrometry”, International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 16, 34-49.
  • Cheng, X., Shi, H., Adams, C., Timmons, T., Ma, Y. (2011) “Removal Study of N-Nitrosamines by Powdered Activated Carbon in Natural and Reagent Water using SPE-LC/MS/MS,” Global Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2, 232-240.
  • Wang, C., Chamberlain, E., Shi, H., Adams, C., Ma, Y. (2011) “Investigation of Degradation Byproducts of Molinate by Various Oxidation Systems Using Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry,” Global Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2, 107- 113.
  • Wang, T., Chamberlain, E., Shi, H., Adams, C., Ma, Y. (2011) “Comprehensive Studies on Aldicarb Degradation in Various Oxidation Systems Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with UV Detection and Quadruple Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer,” International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 91, 97-111.
  • Wang, C., Shi, H., Adams, C., Gamagedara, S., Stayton, I., Timmons, T., Ma, Y. (2011) “Investigation of Pharmaceuticals in Missouri Natural and Drinking Water Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry,” Water Research, 45, 1818-1828.
  • Cheng, X., Shi, H., Adams, C., Timmons, T., Ma, Y. (2011) “LC-MS/MS Determination of Cyanobacterial Toxins in Drinking and Surface Water Samples,” Global Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2, 281-287.
  • Chelme-Ayala, P., Gamal El-Din, M., Smith, D., Adams, C. (2011) “Oxidation Kinetics of Two Pesticides in Natural Waters by Ozonation and Ozone Combined with Hydrogen Peroxide,” Water Research, 45, 2517-2526.
  • Kurwadkar, W., Adams, C., Meyer, M., Kolpin, D. (2011) “Comparative Mobility of Sulfonamides and Bromide Tracer in Three Soils,” Journal of Environmental Management, 92, 1874-1881.
  • Chamberlain, E., Wang., C., Shi, H., Adams, C., Ma, Y. (2010) “Oxidative Removal and Kinetics of Fipronil in Various Oxidation Systems for Drinking Water Treatment,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58, 6895-6899.
  • Cheng, X., Shi, H., Adams, C., Timmons, T., Ma, Y. (2010) “Simultaneous Screening of Herbicide Degradation Byproducts in Water Treatment Plants Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58, 4588-4593.
  • Cheng, X., Shi, H., Adams, C., Ma, Y. (2010) “Assessment of Metal Contaminations Leaching Out from Recycling Plastic Bottles upon Treatments,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 17, 1323-1330.
  • Ding, J., Shi, H., Timmons, T., Adams, C. (2010) “Release and Removal of Microcystins from Microcystis during Oxidative-, Physical- and UV-based Disinfection,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, 136, 2-11.
  • Manda, K., Ercal, N., Adams, C. (2010) “Biologically Important Thiols in Aqueous Extracts of Spices and Evaluation of Their In vitro Antioxidant Properties,” Food Chemistry, 118, 589-593.
  • Wang, T., Chamberlain, E., Shi, H., Adams, C., Ma, Y. (2010) “Analysis of Oxidation Byproducts of Dyfonate in Various Oxidant Systems Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Quadrupole Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry,” Toxicology and Environmental Chemistry, 92, 1-12.
  • Shi, H., Witt, E., Shu, S., Su, T., Wang, J., Adams, C. (2010) “Toxic Trace Element Assessment for Soils/sediments Deposited During Hurricanes Katrina and Rita from Southern Louisiana, USA: A Sequential Extraction Analysis,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 29, 1419-1428.
  • Wang, T., Chamberlain, E., Shi, H., Adams, C., Ma, Y. (2010) “Identification of Hydrolytic Metabolites of Dyfonate in Alkaline Aqueous Solutions by using High Performance Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Quadrupole Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry,” International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 90, 948-961.
  • Liu, C., Qiang, Z., Adams, C., Tian, F., Zhang, T. (2009) ”Kinetics and Mechanism for Degradation of Dichlorvos by Permanganate in Drinking Water Treatment,” Water Research, 43, 3435-3442.
  • Cheng, X., Shi, H., Adams, C., Timmons, T., Ma, Y. (2009) “Effects of Oxidative and Physical Treatments on Inactivation of Cylindrospermopsis Raciborskii and Removal of Cylindrospermopsin,” Water Science and Technology, 60, 689-697.
  • Shi, H. Adams, C. (2009) “Rapid IC-ICP/MS Method for Simultaneous Analysis of Iodoacetic Acids, Bromoacetic Acids, Bromate, and other Related Halogenated Compounds in Water,” Talanta, 79, 523-527.
  • Roberson, A., Lueders, M., Adams, C., Rosen, J. (2009) “Development of Risk Indices for Draft Contaminant Candidate List 3 (CCL3) Chemicals,” Journal American Water Works Association, 101(9), 64-74.
  • Nie, Y., Qiang, Z., Zhang, H., Adams, C. (2009) “Determination of Endocrine-disrupting Chemicals in the Liquid and Solid Phases of Activated Sludge by Solid Phase Extraction and Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry,” Journal of Chromatography A, 1216, 7071-7080.
  • Adams, C. (2008) “Modeling Fate of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in Sewage Treatment,” Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic and Radioactive Waste Management, 12, 2-9.
  • Demirkol, O., Cagri-Mehmetoglu, A., Qiang, Z., Ercal, N., and Adams, C. (2008) “Impact of Food Disinfection on Beneficial Biothiol Contents in Strawberry,” J. Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 56, 10414-10421.
  • Ben, W., Qiang, Z., Adams, C., Zhang, H. (2008) “Simultaneous determination of sulfonamides, tetracyclines and tiamulin in swine wastewater by solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry,” J. Chromatography A, 1202, 173-180.
  • Su, T., Shu, S., Shi, H., Wang, J., Adams, C., Witt, E. (2008) “Distribution of Toxic Trace Elements in Soil/Sediment in post-Katrina New Orleans and the Louisiana Delta,” Environmental Pollution, 156, 994-450.
  • Auriol, M., Filali-Meknassi, Y., Adams, C., Tyagi, R., Noguerol, T., Pina, B. (2008) “Removal of Estrogenic Activity of Natural and Synthetic Hormones from a Municipal Wastewater: Efficiency of Horseradish Peroxidase and Laccase from Trametes Versicolor,” Chemosphere, 70, 445-452.
  • Patni, A., Ludlow, D., Adams, C. (2008) “Characteristics of Ground Granular Activated Carbon for Rapid Small Scale Column Tests,” J. Environmental Engineering, 131, 216-221.
  • Loftin, K., Adams, C., Meyer, M., Surampalli, R. (2008) “Effects of Ionic Strength, Temperature, and pH on Degradation of Selected Antibiotics,” Journal of Environmental Quality, 37, 378-386.
  • Kurwadkar, S., Adams, C., Meyer, M., Kolpin, D. (2007) “Effects of Sorbate Speciation on Sorption of Selected Sulfonamides in Three Loamy Soils,” J. Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 55, 1370-1376.
  • Adams, C., Witt, E., Wang, J., Shaver, D., Summers, D., Filali-Meknassi, Y., Shi, H., Luna, R., Anderson, N. (2007) “Chemical Quality of Depositional Sediments and Associated Soils in New Orleans and the Louisiana Peninsula following Hurricane Katrina,” Environmental Science Technology, 41, 3437-3443.
  • Daigger, G., Adams, C., Steller, H. (2007) “Diffusion of Oxygen Through Activated Sludge Flocs: Experimental Measurement, Modeling, and Implications for Simultaneous Nitrification and Denitrification,” Water Environmental Research, 79, 375-387.
  • Auriol, M., Filali-Meknassi, Y., Tyagi, R., Adams, C. (2007) “Oxidation of Natural and Synthetic Hormones by the Horseradish Peroxidase Enzyme in Wastewater,” Chemosphere, 68, 1830-1837.
  • Filali-Meknassi, Y., Auriol, M., Adams, C., Surampalli, R. (2007) “Quantification of Steroid Sex Hormones using Solid-Phase Extraction followed by Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry,” Water Environment Research, 79, 687-696.
  • Auriol, M., Filali-Meknassi, Y., Tyagi, Adams, C. (2007) “Laccase-catalyzed Conversion of Natural and Synthetic Hormones from a Municipal Wastewater,” Water Research, 41, 3281-3288.
  • Macauley, J., Adams, C., Mormile, M. (2007) “Diversity of tet Resistant Genes in Tetracycline-Resistant Bacteria Isolated from a Swine Lagoon with Low Antibiotic Impact,” Canadian J. Microbiology, 53, 1307-1315.
  • Sutherland, J., Adams, C. (2007) “Determination of Hydroxyl Radical Rate Constants for Fuel Oxygenates,” Environmental Engineering Science, 24, 998-1005.
  • Chamberlain, E., Adams, C. (2006) “Oxidation of Sulfonamides, Macrolides, and Carbadox with Free Chlorine and Monochloramine,” Water Research, 40, 2463-2592.
  • Qiang, Z., Macauley, J., Mormile, M., Surampalli, R., Adams, C. (2006) “Treatment of Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria in Swine Wastewater with Free Chlorine,” J. Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 54, 8144-8154.
  • Auriol, M., Filali-Meknassi, Y., Adams, C., Tyagi, R. D. (2006) “Natural and Synthetic Hormone Degradation using Horseradish Peroxidase Enzyme: Temperature and pH Effects,” Water Research, 40, 2847-2856.
  • Graziano, N., McGuire, M., Adams, C., Roberson, A., Jiang, H., Blute, N. (2006) “Using the ELISA Method to Track Atrazine Occurrence in a National Monitoring Program,” J. American Water Works Association, 98:10, 111-123.
  • Jiang, H., Adams, C., Graziano, N., Roberson, A., McGuire, M. (2006) “Enzyme Linked Immunoassay Analysis (ELISA) of Atrazine in Raw and Finished Drinking Water,” Environmental Engineering Science, 20, 503-515.
  • Auriol, M., Filali-Meknassi, Y., Tyagi, R., Adams, C., Surampalli, R. (2006) “Endocrine Disrupting Compounds Removal from Wastewater, A New Challenge,” Process Biochemistry, 41, 525-539.
  • Jiang, H., Adams, C. (2006) “Treatability of Chloro-s-triazines by Conventional Drinking Water Treatment Technologies,” Water Research, 40, 1657-1667.
  • Graziano, N., McGuire, M., Roberson, A., Adams, C., Jiang, H., Blute, N. (2006) “2004 National Atrazine Occurrence Monitoring Program Using the Abraxis ELISA Method,” Environmental Science and Technology, 40, 1163-1171.
  • Jiang, H., Adams, C., Graziano, N., Roberson, A., McGuire, M., Frey, M. (2006) “Occurrence and Removal of Total and Individual Chloro-s-triazines in Full-Scale Water Treatment Plants,” Environmental Science and Technology, 40, 3609-3616.
  • Macauley, J., Qiang, Z., Adams, C., Surampalli, R., Mormile, M. (2006) “Disinfection of Swine Wastes Using Chlorine and Ultraviolet Light,” Water Research, 40, 2017-2026.
  • Wu, W., Goldtein, G., Adams, C., Mathews, R., Ercal, N. (2006) “Separation and Quantification of N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) and N-acetyl-cysteine-amide (AD4) by HPLC with Fluorescence Detection,” Biomedical Chromatography, 20, 415-422.
  • Qiang, Z., Demirkol, O., Ercal, N., Adams, C. (2005) “Impact of Food Disinfection using Ozone and other Oxidants on the Beneficial Antioxidant Biothiol Contents in Vegetables,” J. Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 53, 9830-9840.
  • Yu, L., Adams, C., Ludlow, D. (2005) “Adsorption of MTBE and Alternative Fuel Oxygenates on Granular Activated Carbon,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, 131, 983-987.
  • Sutherland, J., Adams, C., Kekobad, J. (2005) “Treatability of Alternative Fuel Oxygenates using Advanced Oxidation, Air Stripping and Carbon Adsorption,” J. Environmental Engineering, 131, 623-631.
  • Loftin, K., Henny, C., Adams, C., Surampalli, R., Mormile, M. (2005) “Inhibition of Microbial Metabolism in Anaerobic Lagoons by Selected Sulfonamides, Tetracyclines, Lincomycin, and Tylosin Tartrate,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 24(4), 782-788.
  • Adams, C., Seitz, T., Lane, J., Timmons, T., Levotch, S. (2005) “Trihalomethane and Haloacetic Acid Disinfections Byproducts in Full-scale Drinking Water Systems,” J. Environmental Engineering, 131, 526-534.
  • Demirkol, O., Adams, C., Ercal, N. (2004) “Biologically Important Thiols in Various Vegetables and Fruits,” J. of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 52, 8151-8154.
  • Jiang, H., Adams, C. Koffskey, W. (2004) “Determination of Chloro-s-Triazines including Didealkylatrazine using Solid Phase Extraction Coupled with Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry,” J. of Chromatography, 1064, 219-226.
  • Qiang, Z., Adams, C. (2004) “Determination of Monochloramine Formation Rate Constants with Stopped-flow Spectrophotometry,” Environmental Science and Technology, 38, 1435-1444.
  • Gale, N., Adams, C., Wixson, B., Loftin, K., Huang, Y. (2004) “Lead, Zinc, Copper, and Cadmium in Fish and Sediments from the Big River and Flat River Creek of Missouri’s Old Lead Belt,” Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 26, 37–49.
  • Adams, C., Jiang, H., Graziano, N., Roberson, A., McGuire, M. (2004) “Characterization of Interferences for Enzyme-Linked Immunoassay Tests for Atrazine,” J. American Water Works Association, 96:12, 126-139.
  • Qiang, Z., Adams, C. (2004) “Potentiometric Determination of Acid Dissociation Constants (pKa) for Human and Veterinary Antibiotics,” Water Research, 38, 2874-2890.
  • Qiang, Z., Adams, C., Surampalli, R. (2004) “Determination of Ozonation Rate Constants for Lincomycin and Spectinomycin,” Ozone Science and Engineering, 26, 1-13.
  • Sutherland, J., Adams, C., Kekobad, J. (2004) “Treatment of MTBE by Air Stripping, Carbon Adsorption, and Advanced Oxidation: Technical and Economic Comparison for Five Groundwaters,” Water Research, 38, 193-205.
  • Beardsley M., Adams, C. (2003) “Modeling and Control of Vinyl Chloride in Drinking Water Distribution Systems,” J. Environmental Engineering, 129, 844-851
  • Adams, C. (2003) “Control of Total Chloro-s-Triazines in Conventional Drinking Water Treatment Plants,” Special Edition of Practice Periodical for Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste (ASCE) titled Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in the Environment (Guest Ed: C. Adams and A. Bhandari.), 7(4), 281-188.
  • Gorg, S., Adams, C. (2002) “Effect of pH and Gas-phase Ozone Concentration on the Decolorization Efficiency of Common Textile Dyes,” J. Environmental Engineering, 123(3), 293-298.
  • Adams, C., Wang Y., Loftin K., Meyer M. (2002) “Removal of Antibiotics from Surface and Distilled Water in Conventional Water Treatment Processes,” J. Environmental Engineering, 128(3), 253-260. (Authors awarded the Rudolph Hering Award-2003 by the American Society of Civil Engineers as the “most valuable contribution to the environmental branch of engineering.”)
  • Gale, N., Adams, C., Wixson, B., Loftin, K., Huang, K. (2002) “Lead Levels in Fish and River Sediment in the Old Lead Belt of Missouri,” Environmental Science and Technology, 36:20, 4262-4268.
  • Adams, C., Kuzhikannil, J. (2000) “Effects of UV/H2O2 Preoxidation on the Aerobic Biodegradability of Quaternary Amine Surfactants,” Water Research, 34(11), 668-672.
  • Kitis, M., Adams, C., Kuzhikannil, J., Daigger, G. (2000) “Integrated Ozone/Hydrogen Peroxide - Biological Treatment for Non-ionic Surfactants and Polypropylene Glycol,” Environmental Science and Technology, 34(11), 2305-2310.
  • Kitis, M., Adams, C., Daigger, G. (1999) “The Effects of Fenton’s Reagent Pretreatment on the Biodegradability of Non-Ionic Surfactants: Laboratory Studies and Economic Analysis,” Water Research, 33(11), 2561-2565.
  • Lawson, R., Adams, C. (1999) “Enhanced VOC Absorption Using the Ozone/Hydrogen Peroxide Advanced Oxidation Process,” J. Air and Waste Management, 49, 1315-1323.
  • Adams, C., Cozzens, R., Kim, B. (1997) “Effects of Ozonation on the Biodegradability of Substituted Phenols,” Water Research, 31(10), 2655-2663.
  • Adams, C., Watson, T. L. (1996) “Treatability of s-Triazine Herbicide Metabolites using Powdered Activated Carbon,” J. Environmental Engineering, 122(4), 327-330.
  • Adams, C., Spitzer, S., Cowan, R. L. (1996) “Biodegradation of Nonionic Surfactants and Effects of Oxidative Pretreatment,” J. Environmental Engineering, 122(6), 477-483.
  • Kanzelmeyer, T. J., Adams, C. (1996) “Removal of Copper from a Metal-Complex Dye by Oxidative Pretreatment and Ion Exchange,” Water Environment Research, 68(2), 222-228.
  • Adams, C., Fusco, W., Kanzelmeyer, T. J. (1995) “Ozone, Hydrogen Peroxide/Ozone and UV/Ozone Treatment of Chromium- and Copper-Complex Dyes: Decolorization and Metal Release,” Ozone Science and Engineering, 17, 149-162.
  • Adams, C., Scanlan, P. A., Secrist, N. D. (1994) “Oxidation and Biodegradability Enhancement of 1,4-Dioxane using Hydrogen Peroxide and Ozone,” Environmental Science and Technology, 28(11), 1812-1818.
  • Hulsey, R. A., Randtke, S. J., Adams, C., Long, B. W. (1993) “Atrazine Removal using Ozone and GAC: A Pilot-Plant Study,” Ozone Science and Engineering, 15(3), 227-244.
  • Adams, C., Randtke, S. J. (1992) “Ozonation Byproducts of Atrazine in Synthetic and Natural Waters,” Environmental Science and Technology, 26(11), 2218-2227.
  • Adams, C., Randtke, S. J. (1992) “Removal of Atrazine from Drinking Water by Ozonation,” J. American Water Works Association, 84(9), 91-102. (Awarded “Best Paper Award for 1992 in Journal of the American Water Works Association” by the American Water Works Association - Research Division.)
  • Adams, C., Thurman, E. M. (1991),”Formation and Transport of Deethylatrazine in the Soil and Vadose Zone,” J. Environmental Quality, 20(3), 540-547.

Books and Book Chapters

  • Cresser, M., Boxall, A., Adams, C., Batty, L. (2012) “Earth ± Man: An Integrated Introduction to Environmental Science”, Elsevier, New York, NY, USA. (Textbook)
  • Adams, C. (2009) “Pharmaceuticals,” Chapter 3 in Contaminants of Emerging Concern, Ed: A. Bhandari, R. Surampalli, C. Adams, P. Champagne, S. K. Ong, R. D. Tyagi, T. Zhang, ASCE Press.
  • Adams, C. (2009) “Treatment of Transformation Products,” Chapter 9 in Handbook of Environmental Chemistry – Degradation of Synthetic Chemicals in the Environment, Ed: A. Boxall, Springer.
  • Adams, C. (2007) “Treatment of Antibiotics in Swine Wastewater,” Chapter 14 in Fate of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment and in Water Treatment Systems, Ed: D. Aga, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Books.
  • Witt, E., Adams, C., Wang, J., Shaver, D., Filali-Meknassi, Y. (2006) “Soil and Sediment Chemistry in the Mississippi Delta Following Hurricane Katrina,” In Science and the storms: the USGS Response to the Hurricanes of 2005 (U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1306), Eds., Farris et al., USGS, 207-212.
  • Witt, E., Adams, C., Wang, J., Shaver, D., Filali-Meknassi, Y. (2006) “Selected Chemical Composition of Deposited Sediments in the Flooded Areas of New Orleans, Louisiana following Hurricane Katrina,” In Science and the storms: the USGS Response to the Hurricanes of 2005 (U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1306), Eds., Farris et al., USGS, 201-206.
  • Randtke, S., Witt, A., Adams, P., Pancake, R., Adams, C. (2004) “Occurrence and Control of Atrazine in Midwestern Surface Water Supplies,” in Advances in Drinking Water Treatment, Ed: R. Surampalli, ASCE, 356-394.
  • Adams, C., Bhandari, A. (2003) “Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in the Environment,” Practice Periodical for Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste (ASCE) titled Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in the Environment, Special Ed: C. Adams and A. Bhandari, 7(4), 201.
  • Sutherland, J., Panka, B., Burken, J., Adams, C. (2000) “Chemical and Biological Oxidation of MTBE Pathways under Variable Conditions,” in Case Studies in the Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Eds. G. Wickramanayake, A. Gavaskar, G. Biggs, J. Means., Battelle Press, Columbus, OH, 25-32.
  • Adams, C., Filipe, C., Vogg, C., Kanzelmeyer, T., Olivier, J. (1996) “Chromium Removal from Metal-complex Dyes using Oxidative Pretreatment and Ion Exchange,” in Chemical Oxidation: Technology for the Nineties, Eds. W. Eckenfelder, A. Bowers, J. Roth, Technomic Publishing Co., Inc., Lancaster, PA, 5, 95-107.

Welcome to the web page of the Adams Research Group. The focus of our research group is on the analysis, occurrence, and control of emerging or persistent contaminants including: cyanotoxins, disinfection byproducts, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, chemical degradates, and nanoparticles, and arsenic.

cawaterglass200x191safe drinking water

Our laboratory experimentation is conducted in the Water Quality and Treatment Laboratory at Saint Louis University (BioMedical Engineering Building) and in the labs and facilities of collaborators across the U.S..

Our projects encompass finding solutions to real-world environmental problems using a fundamental, mechanistic physicochemical approach. We focus on analytical methods development (e.g., ELISA, LC/MS/MS), chemical reaction kinetics, byproduct identification and characterization, and process and computational modeling (e.g., oxidation kinetics, hydrolysis, equilibrium, and sorption reactions). A key approach in our work is to develop new and innovative analytical methods using state-of-art instrumentation, and then to apply these methods to better understand relevant issues related to emerging contaminants and develop solutions often related to water treatment. We work closely with water utilities and industry to facilitate development of effective experimental designs, field testing, and rapid technology transfer to full-scale treatment.

Our research group also collaborates nationally to develop and communication recommendations for the prioritization of and regulation of chemical contaminants. Much of this work is conducted through the American Water Works Association in Washington, D.C.. Sponsors for our work include the EPA, DOD, AWWA, Water Research Foundation, MDNR, industry, and others to develop solutions to critical emerging contaminant issues facing the Nation.

Humanitarian Projects in the Developing World

Our group is also involved in a variety of humanitarian projects worldwide. For example, we are involved with the SLU Engineers Without Borders (EWB) Chapter’s project to provide safe drinking water to an orphanage in western Kenya. We also are providing technical assistance for the Billiken’s for Clean Water project in central Nicaragua. We cooperative closely with Potters-for-Peace in our development of our arsenic removal technology modification to the POP ceramic filters with initial international projects in Nicaragua and Kenya. It is our intent to do all we can to support and implement sustainable humanitarian projects in developing nations with special emphasis on water, sanitation and hygiene projects. This work includes science-based testing and water quality analyses, fundamental research, and  development of new technology. Our work also involves the training of students and others environmental engineering and science in the developing work through undergraduate and graduate coursework at SLU, and mentoring student organizations.

 cahumanitarian200x150Students working in Andes Mountains, Bolivia

Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water using Ceramic Filtration

Arsenic is naturally occurring in many groundwaters worldwide. It is estimated that in Bangladesh alone, 20 million people still drink water with arsenic levels at levels above World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines of 20 micrograms/liter. The Adams Research Group is testing at full-scale our surface modified ceramic filter to remove arsenic from very high levels to below the World Health Organization (WHO) guidance level of 10 µg/L, concurrently with pathogens removal via filtration. The clay filter is first manufactured based on the Potters-For-Peace guidelines and then the surface is modified with an arsenic adsorptive coating. Current development is on-going and field testing is tentatively scheduled for the summer for 2017. 

 caarsenic200x210Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water using Ceramic Filtration

Taste and Odor Compounds in the Missouri River

(Sponsor/primes/collaborators: Water Research Foundation; Corona Environmental; American Water and Illinois Water)

The overall research project will focus on the taste-and-odor (T&O) causing compounds for four water systems in the Lower Missouri River. The goal of the project is to develop actionable approaches for early warning related to future taste-and-odor events, and decision tools for treatment alternatives, with the latter being the focus for our research group. We will collaborate with Illinois Water (a subsidiary of American Water) on developing treatability guidance for Missouri River based utilities utilizing activated carbon and oxidation treatment strategies.

 camissouririver200x140Taste and Odor Compounds in the Missouri River

Cyanotoxins and Hazardous Algal Blooms

(Sponsors/primes: Water Research Foundation, AWWA, Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources; Hazen and Sawyer; Missouri S&T and others)

In a series of projects, we are looking at many aspects of the issue of harmful algal blooms and cyanotoxins. We are studying the effects of oxidants on the release of cyanotoxins during water treatment. We have recently developed a freely downloadable (from the AWWA website) a computer model (CyanoTOX) for predicting the oxidation rates of microcystins, cylindrospermopsin and anatoxin a by six oxidants under varied pH and temperature. Version 2 of CyanoTOX is currently under development to include greater number of toxins, wider pH, effects of ELISA accuracy and kinetics, and other features.  We develop guidance to utilities in the form of standard operating procedures and testing protocol for oxidation and PAC treatments. We have also conducted and published risk analyses for cyanotoxins in drinking water based on prevalence, magnitude and potency.

caalgalblooms200x140Microcystis bloom on Yangtze River 

Formation and Control of Disinfection Byproducts in Brackish and Saltwater Systems

(Collaborators: Shadi Eghrary (USU); Dr. Zhimin Qiang (Chinese Academy of Science); Dr. Honglan Shi (MS&T))

Use of disinfectant such as chlorine and ozone are used on brackish and salt water systems for disinfection, color removal, clarity control, and other purposes. Concurrently, disinfection byproducts such as chloroform, bromoform, other THMs, haloacetic acids (HAA), and haloamines are formed which can be both acute irritants and chronic toxins. We are focused on fundamental changes in treatment strategies to prevent the formation of DBPs in brackish and salt water systems through holistic approach involving both DBP precursor control and reduction or elimination of oxidant addition.

casaltwatersystems200x161Formation and Control of Disinfection Byproducts in Brackish and Saltwater Systems 

Control of Nanoparticles in Drinking Water Treatment

(Sponsor/prime/collaborators: Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources; Drs. Honglan Shi, Ariel Donovan, Yinfa Ma of Missouri Univ. of Science and Technology)

In this work, we are investigating the fate of natural and/or anthropogenic Au, Ag, TiO2, ZnO, and CeO2 nanoparticles conventional drinking water treatment processes including coagulation/flocculation/sedimentation; softening; filtration and oxidation/disinfection. We are working at both in laboratory experimentation to simulate water treatment processes, and in full-scale utilities.

cananoparticles200x154Control of Nanoparticles in Drinking Water Treatment 

Evaluation of Lead Service Line Lining and Coating Technologies

(Sponsor/prime: USEPA; Water Research Foundation; Univ. of Kansas)

In a recently completed project, we examined the leaching of organic and inorganic chemicals from service line coatings and linings. The Adams Research Group focused on the leaching of organic leachates (e.g., bisphenols, phthalates) from conventional and new types of coatings and liners, and examining oxidation byproducts formed during chlorination and chloramination. In this work, we developed oxidation and hydrolytic kinetic models to predict and understand the health implications of these endocrine disrupting chemicals from epoxies and other coatings and liners.

cabpa200x141Evaluation of Lead Service Line Lining and Coating Technologies