Research in Engineering and Aviation
Aero-Thermal Performance of a Winglet at Engine Representative Mach and Reynolds Numbers
Author(s): D. O. O’Dowd, Q. Zhang, L. He, M. L. G. Oldfield, P. M. Ligrani, B. C. Y. Cheong, and I. Tibbott
Journal: Paper Number GT2010-22794, TURBO EXPO 2010 – 55th ASME Gas Turbine Technical Congress and Exposition, Glasgow, Scotland, UK, June 14-18, 2010.
This paper presents an experimental and numerical investigation of the aerothermal performance of an uncooled winglet tip, under transonic conditions. Spatially resolved heat transfer data, including winglet tip surface and near-tip side-walls, are obtained using the transient infrared thermography technique within the Oxford high speed linear cascade test facility. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) predictions are also conducted using the Rolls-Royce HYDRA suite. Most of the spatial heat transfer variations on the tip surface are well-captured by the CFD solver. The transonic flow pattern and its influence on heat transfer are analyzed, which shows that the turbine blade tip heat transfer is greatly influenced by the shock wave structure inside the tip gap. The effect of the casing relative motion is also numerically investigated. The CFD results indicate that the local heat transfer distribution on the tip is affected by the relative casing motion but the tip flow choking and shock wave structure within the tip gap still exist in the aft region of the blade.