Research in Engineering and Aviation
Full-Coverage Film Cooling: Film Effectiveness and Heat Transfer Coefficients for Dense Hole Arrays at Different Hole Angles, Contraction Ratios, and Blowing Ratios
Author(s): M. Goodro, P. M. Ligrani, M. Fox, and H.-K. Moon
Journal: Paper Number GT2012-70014, TURBO EXPO 2012 – 57th TURBO EXPO Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11-15, 2012.
Experimental results are presented for a full-coverage film cooling arrangement which simulates a portion of a gas turbine engine, with appropriate streamwise static pressure gradient. The test surface utilizes varying blowing ratio (BR) along the length of the contraction passage which contains the cooling hole arrangement. For the different experimental conditions examined, film cooling holes are sharp-edged and streamwise inclined either at 20 deg or 30 deg with respect to the liner surface. The film cooling holes in adjacent streamwise rows are staggered with respect to each other. Data are provided for turbulent film cooling, contraction ratios of 1, 3, 4, and 5, blowing ratios (at the test section entrance) of 2.0, 5.0, and 10.0, coolant Reynolds numbers Refc of 10,000–12,000, freestream temperatures from 75 °C to 115 °C, a film hole diameter of 7 mm, and density ratios from 1.15 to 1.25. Nondimensional streamwise and spanwise film cooling hole spacings, X/D and Y/D, are 6, and 5, respectively. When the streamwise hole inclination angle is 20 deg spatially averaged and line-averaged adiabatic effectiveness values at each x/D location are about the same as the contraction ratio varies between 1, 3, and 4, with slightly higher values at each x/D location when the contraction ratio Cr is 5. For each contraction ratio, there is a slight increase in effectiveness when the blowing ratio is increased from 2.0 to 5.0 but there is no further substantial improvement when the blowing ratio is increased to 10.0. Overall, line-averaged and spatially averaged-adiabatic film effectiveness data, and spatially averaged heat transfer coefficient data are described as they are affected by contraction ratio, blowing ratio, hole angle α, and streamwise location x/D. For example, when α = 20 deg, the detrimental effects of mainstream acceleration are apparent since heat transfer coefficients for contraction ratios Cr of 3 and 5 are often higher than values for Cr = 1, especially for x/D > 100.