Research in Engineering and Aviation

Optimal brushless DC motor design using genetic algorithms

November 2010

Author(s): Rahideh, A., Korakianitis, T., Ruiz, P., Keeble, T., & Rothman, M.T.

Journal: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 322(22), pp. 3680-3687. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2010.07.025


This paper presents a method for the optimal design of a slotless permanent magnet brushless DC (BLDC) motor with surface mounted magnets using a genetic algorithm. Characteristics of the motor are expressed as functions of motor geometries. The objective function is a combination of losses, volume and cost to be minimized simultaneously. Electrical and mechanical requirements (i.e. voltage, torque and speed) and other limitations (e.g. upper and lower limits of the motor geometries) are cast into constraints of the optimization problem. One sample case is used to illustrate the design and optimization technique.

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