Research in Engineering and Aviation
Suction Side Gill Region Film Cooling: Effects of Hole Shape and Orientation on Adiabatic Effectiveness and Heat Transfer Coefficient
Author(s): J. C. Chappell, P. M. Ligrani, S. Sreekanth, and T. Lucas
Journal: ASME Transactions-Journal of Turbomachinery, Vol. 132, No. 3, pp. 031022-1 to 031022-11, July 2010. DOI: 10.1115/1.3151600
The performance of suction-side gill region film cooling is investigated using the University of Utah transonic wind tunnel and a simulated turbine vane in a two-dimensional cascade. The effects of film cooling hole orientation, shape, and number of rows, and their resulting effects on thermal film cooling characteristics, are considered for four different hole configurations: round axial (RA), shaped axial (SA), round radial (RR), and round compound (RC). The mainstream Reynolds number based on axial chord is 500,000, the exit Mach number is 0.35, and the tests are conducted using the first row of holes only, second row of holes only, or both rows of holes at blowing ratios of 0.6 and 1.2. Carbon dioxide is used as the injectant to achieve density ratios of 1.73 to 1.92 similar to values present in operating gas turbine engines. A mesh grid is used to give a magnitude of longitudinal turbulence intensity of 5.7% at the inlet of the test section. Results show that the best overall protection over the widest range of blowing ratios and streamwise locations is provided by either the RC holes or the RR holes. This result is particularly significant because the RR hole arrangement, which has lower manufacturing costs compared with the RC and SA arrangements, produces better or equivalent levels of performance in terms of magnitudes of adiabatic film cooling effectiveness and heat transfer coefficient. Such improved performance (relative to RA and SA holes) is most likely a result of compound angles, which increases lateral spreading. As such, the present results indicate that compound angles appear to be more effective than hole shaping in improving thermal protection relative to that given by RA holes.