Research in Engineering and Aviation

The use of air-flow impedance to control fiber deposition patterns during electrospinning

January 2012

Author(s): McClure, M.J., Wolfe, P.S., Simpson, D.G., Sell, S.A.,and G.L. Bowlin

Journal: Biomaterials. 33 (3), pp. 771-779, 2012. DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2011.10.011


Electrospun non-woven structures have the potential to form bioresorbable vascular grafts that promote tissue regeneration in situ as they degrade and are replaced by autologous tissue. Current bioresorbable grafts lack appropriate regeneration potential since they do not have optimal architecture, and their fabrication must be altered by the manipulation of process parameters, especially enhancing porosity. We describe here an air-impedance process where the solid mandrel is replaced with a porous mandrel that has pressurized air exiting the pores to impede fiber deposition. The mandrel design, in terms of air-flow rate, pore size, and pore distribution, allows for control over fiber deposition and scaffold porosity, giving greater cell penetration without a detrimental loss of mechanical properties or structural integrity.